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What is badminton?

Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. It can be played with larger teams, but the most common forms of the game are “singles” (with one player per side) and “doubles” (with two players per side). Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court.

The game demands excellent fitness, requiring aerobic stamina, agility, strength, speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racket movements. Badminton has its origins in ancient civilizations in Asia and Europe with a game called battledore (bat or paddle) and shuttlecock.

The name ‘Badminton’ comes from the Duke of Beaufort’s Badminton House in Gloucestershire, but why or when remains unclear. Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic sport with five events: men’s and women’s singles, men’s and women’s doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair is a man and a woman.

Badminton shutlecock being hit by player

FAQ's on Badminton

History of Badmington

Badminton has a long and rich history that dates back thousands of years. The roots of the sport can be traced to ancient Greece, China, and India, and it is closely related to the old children’s game battledore and shuttlecock. The modern version of the game developed in the mid-19th century among the expatriate officers of British India as a variant of the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock. The game is named for Badminton, the country estate of the dukes of Beaufort in Gloucestershire, England, where it was first played about 1873.


The first unofficial all-England badminton championships for men were held in 1899, and the first badminton tournament for women was arranged the next year. The Badminton World Federation (BWF), the world governing body of the sport, was formed in 1934. Badminton first appeared in the Olympic Games as a demonstration sport in 1972 and as an exhibition sport in 1988. At the 1992 Games, it became a full-medal Olympic sport.


The game has evolved over the years, with changes in equipment, rules, and gameplay. For example, the scoring system saw a significant change in 2001, and the footwork has also developed significantly. Today, badminton is one of the most popular sports in the world, with an estimated 339 million people playing it, particularly in Asia.


In summary, badminton has a long and diverse history, originating from ancient Greece and developing into the modern sport we know today through influences from India and England. It has become a widely popular sport with a rich tradition and continues to evolve in terms of rules, equipment, and global participation.

Rules of Badmington

Badminton is a sport played with lightweight rackets and a shuttlecock, and it can be played as singles or doubles. The objective is to hit the shuttlecock over the net and have it land in the designated court areas. The game is won by scoring 21 points, with a two-point lead necessary to win a game. If the score reaches 20-20, a player must get two clear points ahead to win the set. If the score reaches 29-29, the next point decides the winner of the set. To win the overall game, a player must win 2 out of the 3 sets played.


Some key rules of badminton include:

  • Players must serve diagonally across the net to their opponent.
  • Once the shuttlecock is in play, a player may move around the court as they wish and hit the shuttlecock from out of the playing area.
  • A fault is called if a player touches the net with any part of their body or racket, deliberately distracts their opponent, catches and flings the shuttlecock, hits the shuttlecock twice, or continues to infract with the laws of the game.


The game has evolved over the years, with changes in the scoring system and the development of footwork. The scoring system saw a significant change in 2001, transitioning from a 15-point system to a rally point system up to 21 points, where a two-point lead is necessary to win a game. Additionally, the footwork has developed significantly and is now essential for every badminton player.


In summary, badminton is played with specific rules governing serving, scoring, and player conduct. The game has seen changes in its scoring system and the development of essential footwork, contributing to its status as one of the most popular sports in the world.

Equipment used in Badmington

Badminton is a sport that requires specific equipment to play effectively. The essential equipment for badminton includes:


  • Badminton Racket: A lightweight racket used to hit the shuttlecock over the net. Rackets are made from various materials such as aluminum, graphite, or titanium, and they usually weigh between 85 and 100 grams.
  • Shuttlecock: Also known as a birdie or shuttle, the shuttlecock is a projectile with a cork-rounded base and 16 goose feathers glued in the base, forming a cone shape.
  • Badminton Net: A mesh of dark-colored cord held in position by posts placed on the outer sideline. The net is 5 feet, 1 inch tall at the posts and 5 feet tall at the center of the court, measuring at least 20 feet wide.
  • Badminton Shoes: Good badminton shoes provide grip, cushioning, and flexibility at the forefoot, essential for the quick movements required in the game.
  • Badminton Attire: Appropriate clothing, including shirts, shorts, skirts, and socks, is important for comfort and ease of movement during play.
  • Accessories: While not required, certain accessories can enhance the overall experience and performance of a player. These may include equipment bags, headbands, wristbands, towels, and water bottles.


In summary, the equipment used in badminton includes rackets, shuttlecocks, nets, specialized shoes, and appropriate attire. These items are essential for playing the game effectively and safely.

Blog Articles on Badminton

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